KeywordZen reality

Is there a more “original” self?


Western psychology is oriented toward the individual and therefore its concepts of self refer to the individual self. Eastern thought stretch the concept of self more broadly. The Upanishadic seers of India developed a philosophy of self as early as about 700 BCE. Their concept of self is »»

Western concepts of self


The concept of self is not uniformly defined, neither in the philosophical nor in psychological fields. The following is a brief discussion of some modern concepts of self, illustrating the diversity of the Western concept of self. Self psychology has developed in the context of narcissistic and »»

Dr. Kurt Eugen Schneider
Dr. Kurt Eugen Schneider